NURS 6501N Week 8 Quiz – Question and Answers – Set 4

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NURS 6501N Review Test Submission: Quiz – Week 8

  1. An 8-week-old male was recently diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. Which of the following digestive alterations would be expected?
  2. In alcoholic cirrhosis, hepatocellular damage is caused by:
  3. A 3-month-old female develops colicky pain, abdominal distention, and diarrhea after drinking cow’s milk. The best explanation for her symptoms is:
  4. The nurse assessing the patient with biliary atresia would expect to find which primary clinical manifestation?
  5. The primary complication of enterocolitis associated with Hirschsprung disease is related to which finding?
  6. A 45-year-old male complains of heartburn after eating and difficulty swallowing. He probably has:
  7. The cardinal sign of pyloric stenosis caused by ulceration or tumors is:
  8. The most common cause of chronic vascular insufficiency among the elderly is:
  9. For the patient experiencing esophageal reflux, the nurse would expect which sphincter to be malfunctioning?
  10. An 8-week-old female is diagnosed with a congenital heart disease and Down syndrome. Her parents report that she has difficulty defecating. X-ray reveals anorectal malformation that causes complete obstruction often referred to as:
  11. A 27-year-old male presents with fever, GI bleeding, hepatomegaly, and transient joint pain. He reports that as a child he received blood transfusions following a motor vehicle accident. He also indicates he was vaccinated against hepatitis B. Which of the following types of hepatitis does the clinician think he most likely has?
  12. Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder wall usually caused by:
  13. A 55-year-old female has general symptoms of gallstones but is also jaundiced. IV cholangiography would most likely reveal that the gallstones are obstructing the:
  14. A 55-year-old male died in a motor vehicle accident. Autopsy revealed an enlarged liver caused by fatty infiltration, testicular atrophy, and mild jaundice secondary to cirrhosis. The most likely cause of his condition is:
  15. A 24-year-old male who sustained a head injury and fractured femur develops a stress ulcer. A common clinical manifestation of this ulcer is:
  16. A 40-year-old male develops an intestinal obstruction related to protrusion of the intestine through the inguinal ring. This condition is referred to as:
  17. A 60-year-old male presents with GI bleeding and abdominal pain. He reports that he takes NSAIDs daily to prevent heart attack. Tests reveal that he has a peptic ulcer. The most likely cause of this disease is:
  18. Acute pancreatitis often manifests with pain to which of the following regions?
  19. A 50-year-old male is experiencing reflux of chyme from the stomach. He is diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux. This condition is caused by:
  20. The most common clinical manifestation of portal hypertension is _____ bleeding.
  21. Outbreaks of hepatitis _____ often occur in young children attending day care centers and can be attributed to poor hand washing.
  22. A 40-year-old female presents complaining of pain near the midline in the epigastrium. Assuming the pain is caused by a stimulus acting on an abdominal organ, the pain felt is classified as:
  23. Which of the following characteristics is associated with an acute occlusion of mesenteric blood flow to the small intestine?
  24.  Kwashiorkor is a severe dietary deficiency of:
  25.  Which of the following symptoms would help a health care provider distinguish between ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease?
  26. A 54-year-old male is diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease. This condition is most likely caused by:
  27. A 6-month-old male infant is brought to the ER after the sudden development of abdominal pain, irritability, and vomiting followed by passing of “currant jelly” stool. Ultrasound reveals intestinal obstruction in which the ileum collapsed through the ileocecal valve and invaginated into the large intestine. This type of obstruction is referred to as:
  28. A 16-year-old female presents with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant. Physical examination reveals rebound tenderness and a low-grade fever. A possible diagnosis would be:
  29. Prolonged diarrhea is more serious in children than adults because:
  30. Marasmus is most common in children of which age group?
  31. The cardinal signs of small bowel obstruction are:
  32. The exocrine portion of the pancreas contains:
  33. A 22-year-old male underwent brain surgery to remove a tumor. Following surgery, he experienced a peptic ulcer. His ulcer is referred to as a(n) _____ ulcer.
  34. A 2-month-old female with Down syndrome is diagnosed with Hirschsprung disease following family complaints of chronic constipation. The most likely cause of these symptoms is:
  35. A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus. Which of the following factors most likely contributed to his disease?

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