NURS 6501N Week 4 Quiz 2 – Question and Answers

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NURS 6501N Week 4 Quiz – Advanced Pathophysiology Winter 2018

  1. A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cerebral aneurysm. Where does the nurse suspect the cerebral aneurysm is located?
  2. A 60-year-old male undergoes surgery for a bone fracture. Which of the following nursing measures would be most effective for preventing pulmonary embolism (PE) in this patient?
  3. When a patient has a massive pulmonary embolism (PE), what complications will the nurse monitor for?
  4. Which organ should the nurse monitor closely since it is often the first to fail in patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)?
  5. A 65-year-old female presents to the emergency department reporting difficulty swallowing and shortness of breath. A CT scan would most likely reveal an aneurysm in the:
  6. A 51-year-old male is at the health clinic for an annual physical exam. After walking from the car to the clinic, he developed substernal pain. He also reported discomfort in his left shoulder and his jaw, lasting 2 to 3 minutes and then subsiding with rest. He indicates that this has occurred frequently over the past few months with similar exertion. The nurse suspects he is most likely experiencing:
  7. A 50-year-old male with a 30-year history of smoking was diagnosed with bronchogenic cancer. He developed edema and venous distention in the upper extremities and face. Which of the following diagnosis will the nurse observe on the chart?
  8. A 65-year-old male presents for a routine checkup. A blood pressure check reveals a systolic pressure of 160 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure of 70 mm Hg. Which of the following is the most likely cause of this type of pressure elevation?
  9. Which characteristic changes should the nurse keep in mind while caring for a patient with left heart failure? As left heart failure progresses nurs 6501n week 4 quiz
  10. While planning care for a patient with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS), which principle should the nurse remember? SVCS is a progressive _____ of the superior vena cava (SVC) that leads to venous distention of the upper extremities and head.
  11. Many valvular stenosis and regurgitation disorders in adults have a common etiology. Which of the following conditions should alert the nurse that the patient may have both types of valve dysfunction?
  12. Most cases of combined systolic and diastolic hypertension have no known cause and are documented on the chart as _____ hypertension.
  13. A 28-year-old female presents with severe chest pain and shortness of breath. She is …..with pulmonary embolism, which most likely originated from the:
  14. A 52-year-old female is diagnosed with coronary artery disease. The nurse assesses for myocardial nurs 6501n week 4 quiz
  15. A 32-year-old female presents with lower leg pain, with swelling and redness. While obtaining the patient’s history, which finding could have ….her condition?
  16. A 35-year-old male presents with pulmonary hypertension. Testing reveals he is in right heart failure. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will see listed on the chart?
  17. A 50-year-old female receive trauma to the chest that caused severe impairment of the primary pacemaker cells of the heart. Which of the following areas ….the greatest damage?
  18. A 50-year-old male is diagnose with orthostatic hypotension. Which of the following symptoms would he most likely experience?
  19. A 65-year-old male is ….to the ER for chest pain. An electrocardiogram reveals a prolonged QRS interval. What is the nurse monitoring when the nurse observes the QRS complex on the electrocardiogram? The QRS complex reflects:
  20. A 59-year-old female is diagnose with left ventricular failure. If a decrease in kidney perfusion occurs, the nurse knows this would ultimately cause:
  21. A 50-year-old male is ….with pulmonary embolism (PE). Which of the following symptoms most likely occurred before treatment?
  22. A 56-year-old male is diagnose with coronary artery disease. Which of the following modifiable risk factors would the nurse suggest the patient change?
  23. A 54-year-old male is …with left bundle branch block. Which of the following structures would not receive an electrical impulse?
  24. A patient wants to know what causes atherosclerosis. How should the nurse respond? In general, atherosclerosis is ….by nurs 6501n week 4 quiz
  25. Which condition should cause the nurse to assess for high-output failure in a patient?
  26. A 75-year-old female has been critically ill with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) for longer than a week and has developed a severe oxygen supply and demand imbalance. The statement that best describes this imbalance is which of the following?
  27. A 50-year-old male visits the cardiologist for an EKG. Results indicate that he has no PR interval and a variable QRS rate with rhythm irregularity. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis to be recorded on the chart?
  28. What term should the nurse document for a …..blood clot?
  29. A 5-year-old female is ….to have hypertension during three separate visits to her primary care provider. The nurse would expect tests to suggest that the hypertension is secondary to nurs 6501n week 4 quiz
  30. A 50-year-old obese male with hypertension and coronary artery disease visits a nutritionist for food counseling. He has an elevated level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and a low level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Which of the following should the nurse advise him to avoid?nurs 6501n week 4 quiz

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