NURS 6501N Week 10 Quiz 5 – Question and Answers

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NURS 6501 Week 10 Quiz with Answers

  1. A 4-year-old male is diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome. Which of the following assessment findings accompanies this condition?
  2. A 25-year-old female is diagnosed with urinary tract obstruction. While planning care, the nurse realizes that the patient is expected to have hydronephrosis and a decreased glomerular filtration rate caused by:
  3. When a patient’s renal system secretes rennin, what effect will that cause in the body? It causes the direct activation of:
  4. When the nurse discusses the glomerulus and Bowman capsule together, it is referred to as the renal:
  5. A 2-year-old male is diagnosed with Wilms tumor. Which of the following clinical conditions is often associated with this disease?
  6. A 45-year-old female presents with hypertension, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, and anemia. She is diagnosed with chronic renal failure. When the patient asks what caused this anemia, how should the nurse respond? Your anemia is caused by:
  7. A nurse observes on the chart that a patient is admitted with Wilms tumors. A nurse knows the tumors are found in the:
  8. On average the kidneys receive approximately _____ of the cardiac output.
  9. A 5-year-old male was diagnosed with glomerulonephritis. History reveals that he had an infection 3 weeks before the onset of this condition. The infection was most likely located in the:
  10. When a child is admitted with acute renal failure, a clinician realizes the most common cause of acute renal failure is:
  11. A nurse is reviewing urinalysis results and notices glucose is present in the urine. A nurse realizes glucose will be excreted in the urine when:
  12. Which of the following clusters of symptoms would make a clinician suspect a child has developed glomerulonephritis?
  13. A 3-year-old female presents with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), fever, poor growth and development, and feeding problems. Tests reveal a retrograde flow of urine from the urinary bladder into the ureters. When giving report to the oncoming shift, the nurse will call this condition:
  14. While planning care for a patient with renal calculi, the nurse remembers the most important factor in renal calculus formation is:
  15. A urologist is discussing the phagocytic cells that lie between the layers of the renal corpuscle. What is the urologist describing?
  16. A nurse is preparing to teach about the loop of Henle. Which information should be included? The descending segment of the loop of Henle primarily allows for:
  17. When a newborn is admitted with urinary tract infections (UTIs), which type of infection will the nurse look for in the newborn?
  18. A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is:
  19. A 42-year-old male is involved in a motor vehicle accident during which he loses a lot of blood. The nurse realizes he is in acute renal failure caused by:
  20. A 27-year-old male has a severe kidney obstruction leading to removal of the affected kidney. Which of the following would the nurse expect to occur?
  21. When describing the male urinary anatomy, which information should the nurse include? The portion of the male urethra that is closest to the bladder is the _____ portion.
  22. When the nurse is discussing the sodium-sensing cells of the glomerulus, what term should the nurse use?
  23. A 7-year-old male presents to his primary care provider for incontinence. His mother indicates that he has never been continent. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
  24. A 29-year-old female presents with cloudy urine, flank pain, hematuria, and fever. Which of the following does the nurse suspect the patient is most likely experiencing?
  25. A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is:
  26. A 24-year-old female is diagnosed with renal calculus that is causing obstruction. Which of the following symptoms would she most likely experience?
  27. Anemia accompanies chronic renal failure because of:
  28. A 25-year-old female presents with burning urination. She was diagnosed with a urinary tract infection. When the nurse checks the culture results, which of the following organisms is most likely infecting her urinary tract?
  29. A 15-year-old male was diagnosed with pharyngitis. Eight days later he developed acute glomerulonephritis. While reviewing the culture results, which of the following is the most likely cause of this disease?
  30. A 55-year-old male presents reporting urinary retention. Tests reveal that he has a lower urinary tract obstruction. Which of the following is of most concern to the nurse?
  31. A 42-year-old female is diagnosed with chronic renal failure, and the nurse is discussing dietary treatment. Which information indicates the nurse understands dietary regimen? Treatment includes restricting:
  32. A 75-year-old male reports to his primary care provider loss of urine with cough, sneezing, or laughing. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
  33. When a nurse is checking the urinalysis, plasma proteins should be absent from the urine because:
  34. A 6-year-old male is experiencing urine reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly dilated ureter and calyces. He was diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux. This condition would be graded:
  35. If a nurse wants to obtain the best estimate of renal function, which test should the nurse monitor?
  36. A nurse is describing the trigone. Which information should be included? The trigone is defined as:
  37. When a nurse is preparing to teach about urine, which information should the nurse include? Just before entering the ureter, urine passes through the:
  38. A 15-year-old female presents with flank pain, irritability, malaise, and fever. Tests reveal glomerulonephritis. When the parents ask what could have caused this, how should the nurse respond?
  39. The urologist is teaching about the nephrons that determine the concentration of the urine. The urologist is discussing the _____ nephrons.
  40. A 35-year-old female was severely burned and is hospitalized. She is now suffering from acute tubular necrosis (ATN). Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?

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