NURS 6501 Week 8 Quiz – 02 Sets with Answers

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NURS 6501 Week 8 Quiz

  1. A 55-year-old female has general symptoms of gallstones but is also jaundiced. IVcholangiography would most likely reveal that the gallstones are obstructing the:
  2. A 16-year-old female presents with abdominal pain in the right lowerquadrant. Physical examination reveals rebound tenderness and a low-grade fever. A possible diagnosis would be:
  3. The cardinal sign of pyloric stenosis caused by ulceration or tumors is:
  4. A 40-year-old male develops an intestinal obstruction related to protrusionof the intestine through the inguinal ring. This condition is referred to as:
  5. Marasmus is most common in children of which age group?
  6. A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus. Which ofthe following factors most likely contributed to his disease?
  7. Outbreaks of hepatitis _____ often occur in young children attending daycare centers and can be attributed to poor hand washing.
  8. A 27-year-old male presents with fever, GI bleeding, hepatomegaly, andtransient joint pain. He reports that as a child he received bloodtransfusions following a motor vehicle accident. He also indicates he wasvaccinated against hepatitis B. Which of the following types of hepatitisdoes the clinician think he most likely has?
  9. An 8-week-old male was recently diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. Which ofthe following digestive alterations would be expected?
  10. Which of the following symptoms would help a health care providerdistinguish between ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease?
  11. A 3-month-old female develops colicky pain, abdominal distention, anddiarrhea after drinking cow’s milk. The best explanation for hersymptoms is:
  12. A 55-year-old male died in a motor vehicle accident. Autopsy revealed anenlarged liver caused by fatty infiltration, testicular atrophy, and mildjaundice secondary to cirrhosis. The most likely cause of his condition is:
  13. A 3-month-old female presents with intention tremors, dystonia,greenish-yellow rings in the cornea, and hepatomegaly. Tests reveal adefect on chromosome 13. Which of the following is the most likelydiagnosis?
  14. The nurse assessing the patient with biliary atresia would expect to findwhich primary clinical manifestation?
  15. Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder wall usually caused by:
  16. Prolonged diarrhea is more serious in children than adults because:
  17. A 2-month-old Female with Down syndrome is diagnosed with Hirschsprung disease following family complaints of chronic constipation. The most likely cause of these symptoms is:
  18. Manifestations associated with hepatic encephalopathy from chronic liver disease are the result of: Selected Answer: c. Impaired ammonia metabolism
  19. A 45-year-old male complains of heartburn after eating and difficulty swallowing. He probably has:
  20. A 54-year-old male is diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease. This condition is most likely caused by:
  21. A 20-year-old male was recently diagnosed with lactose intolerance. He eats an ice cream cone and develops diarrhea. His diarrhea can be classified as _____ diarrhea.
  22. In alcoholic cirrhosis, hepatocellular damage is caused by:
  23. Acute pancreatitis often manifests with pain to which of the following regions?
  24. For the patient experiencing esophageal reflux, the nurse would expect which sphincter to be malfunctioning?
  25. A 13-year-old female confides to her mother that she binge eats and induces vomiting to prevent weight gain. This disease is referred to as:
  26. Chronic gastritis is classified according to the:
  27. Where does the nurse expect the obstruction to be in a patient withextrahepatic portal hypertension?
  28. Which of the following characteristics is associated with an acuteocclusion of mesenteric blood flow to the small intestine?
  29. Kwashiorkor is a severe dietary deficiency of:
  30. A 40-year-old female presents complaining of pain near the midline in theepigastrium. Assuming the pain is caused by a stimulus acting on anabdominal organ, the pain felt is classified as:
  31. The exocrine portion of the pancreas contains:
  32. When an infant has increased bilirubin production and impaired hepaticexcretion of bilirubin, what does the nurse suspect is occurring in thepatient?
  33. A 22-year-old male underwent brain surgery to remove a tumor. Followingsurgery, he experienced a peptic ulcer. His ulcer is referred to as a(n)_____ ulcer.
  34. Early identification and treatment for metabolic disorders is importantbecause:
  35. The most common disorder associated with upper GI bleeding is:

NURS 6501 SET 2

  1. Which of the following characteristics is associated with an acute occlusion of mesenteric blood flow to the small intestine?
  2. An 8-week-old female is diagnosed with a congenital heart disease and Down syndrome. Her parents report that she has difficulty defecating. X-ray reveals anorectal malformation that causes complete obstruction often referred to as:
  3. A 3-month-old female presents with intention tremors, dystonia, greenish-yellow rings in the cornea, and hepatomegaly. Tests reveal a defect onchromosome 13. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
  4. Reflux esophagitis is defined as a(n):
  5. Early identification and treatment for metabolic disorders is important because:
  6. A 24-year-old male who sustained a head injury and fractured femur develops a stress ulcer. A common clinical manifestation of this ulcer is:
  7. When an infant has increased bilirubin production and impaired hepaticexcretion of bilirubin, what does the nurse suspect is occurring in the patient?
  8. A 55-year-old male died in a motor vehicle accident. Autopsy revealed an enlarged liver caused by fatty infiltration, testicular atrophy, and mildjaundice secondary to cirrhosis. The most likely cause of his condition is:
  9. The most common cause of chronic vascular insufficiency among the elderly is:
  10. In alcoholic cirrhosis, hepatocellular damage is caused by:
  11. Acute pancreatitis often manifests with pain to which of the following regions?
  12. For the patient experiencing esophageal reflux, the nurse would expectwhich sphincter to be malfunctioning?
  13. The most common clinical manifestation of portal hypertension is _____bleeding.
  14. A 55-year-old female has general symptoms of gallstones but is also jaundiced. IVcholangiography would most likely reveal that the gallstones are obstructing the:
  15. Manifestations associated with hepatic encephalopathy from chronic liverdisease are the result of:
  16. An 8-week-old male was recently diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. Which of the following digestive alterations would be expected?
  17. The cardinal signs of small bowel obstruction are:
  18. The primary complication of gastroenteritis associated with Hirschsprung disease is related to which finding?
  19. A 40-year-old female presents complaining of pain near the midline in the epigastrium. Assuming the pain is caused by a stimulus acting on anabdominal organ, the pain felt is classified as:
  20. Outbreaks of hepatitis _____ often occur in young children attending daycare centers and can be attributed to poor hand washing.
  21. A 54-year-old male is diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease. This condition is most likely caused by:
  22. Kwashiorkor is a severe dietary deficiency of:
  23. Which of the following symptoms would help a health care provider distinguish between ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease?
  24. A 6-month-old male infant is brought to the ER after the sudden development of abdominal pain, irritability, and vomiting followed bypassing of “currant jelly” stool. Ultrasound reveals intestinal obstruction in which the ileum collapsed through the ileocecal valve and invaginated into the large intestine. This type of obstruction is referred to as:
  25. A 45-year-old male complains of heartburn after eating and difficulty swallowing. He probably has:
  26. Where does the nurse expect the obstruction to be in a patient with extrahepatic portal hypertension?
  27. A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus. Which of the following factors most likely contributed to his disease?
  28. A 20-year-old male was recently diagnosed with lactose intolerance. He eats an ice cream cone and develops diarrhea. His diarrhea can be classified as _____ diarrhea.
  29. A 27-year-old male presents with fever, GI bleeding, hepatomegaly, and transient joint pain. He reports that as a child he received blood transfusions following a motor vehicle accident. He also indicates he was vaccinated against hepatitis B. Which of the following types of hepatitis does the clinician think he most likely has?
  30. A 50-year-old male is experiencing reflux of chyme from the stomach. He is diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux. This condition is caused by:
  31. Marasmus is most common in children of which age group?
  32. A 3-month-old female develops colicky pain, abdominal distention, and diarrhea after drinking cow’s milk. The best explanation for her symptomsis:
  33. The nurse assessing the patient with biliary atresia would expect to find which primary clinical manifestation?
  34. The cardinal sign of pyloric stenosis caused by ulceration or tumors is:
  35. A 10-month-old is brought to the pediatrician by the mother who states the baby has been experiencing colicky pain Followed by vomiting, sweating, nausea, and irritability.Testing reveals a condition in which one part of the intestine telescopes into another. From which type of intestinal obstruction is he suffering?

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