NR 511 Midterm Exam – Question and Answers

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NR 511 Midterm Exam Answers

  1. Which of the following is a crucial element of developing a guideline?
  2. African American patients seem to have a negative reaction to which of the following asthma medications?
  3. Jolene has breast cancer that has been staged as T1, N0, M0. What might this mean?
  4. Sondra’s peripheral vestibular disease causes dizziness and vertigo. Which of the following medications will help to decrease edema in the labyrinth of the ear?
    5.Mandy presents with a cauliflower-like wart in her anogenital region. You suspect it was sexually transmitted and document this as a:
  5.  Inattention and a sleep-wake cycle disturbance are the hallmark symptoms of?
  6.  You have taught Jennifer, age 15, about using a flow meter to assess how to manage her asthma exacerbations. She calls you today because her peak expiratory flow rate is 65%. What would you tell her?
  7.  A patient is seen in the clinic with hematuria confirmed on microscopic examination. The clinician should inquire about the ingestion of which of these substances that might be the cause of hematuria?
  8. Which of the following is an example of tertiary prevention in a patient with chronic renal failure?
  9.  Which of the following conditions is associated with cigarette smoking?
  10.  A chronic cough lasts longer than:
  11.  The ‘freezing phenomenon’ is a cardinal feature of?
  12.  When administered at the beginning of an attack, oxygen therapy may help this kind of headache?
  13.  Which ethnic group has the highest lung cancer incidence and mortality rates?
  14.  The most significant precipitating event leading to otitis media with e?usion is:
  15. Samuel is going to the dentist for some work and must take endocarditis prophylaxis because of his history of:
  16.  A 34-year-old patient was treated for a UTI and has not responded to antibiotic therapy. Which of the following actions should be taken next?
  17.  Which statement best describes a carotid bruit?
  18. Which statement is true regarding chloasma, the ‘mask of pregnancy’?
  19. Simon presents with alopecia areata with well-circumscribed patches of hair loss on the crown of his head. How do you respond when he asks you the cause?
  20. A blood pressure (BP) of 150/90 is considered:
  21. When teaching post MI patients about their NTG tablets, the clinician should stress that the tablets should remain in the light-resistant bottle in which they are packaged and should not be put in another pill box or remain in areas that are or could become warm and humid. Once opened, the bottle must be dated and discarded after how many months?
  22. Your patient has decided to try to quit smoking with Chantix. You are discussing his quit date, and he will begin taking the medicine tomorrow. When should he plan to quit smoking?
  23. When looking under the microscope to diagnose an intravaginal infection, you see a cluster of small and oval to round shapes. What do you suspect they are?
  24. The hallmark of an absence seizure is:
  25. Which medication used for scabies is safe for children 2 months and older?
  26. The clinician is seeing a patient complaining of red eye. The clinician suspects conjunctivitis. The presence of mucopurulent discharge suggests which type of conjunctivitis?
  27. Gabby, aged 22, has Bell’s palsy on the right side of her face. Her mouth is distorted, and she is concerned about permanent paralysis and pain. What do you tell her?
  28. How often should drug levels be monitored when a seizure medication has controlled the seizures, and the drug level is adequate?
  29. Immunizations are an example of which type of prevention?
  30. The result of the patient’s 24-hour urine for protein was 4.2 g/day. The clinician should take which of the following actions?
  31. Which cranial nerve is a?ected in a patient with a cerebrovascular accident who has di?culty chewing?
  32. Which of the following diagnostic tests should be ordered for a patient suspected of having bladder cancer?
  33. The “B” in the ABCDEs of assessing skin cancer represents:
  34. Which statement is true regarding driving and patients with a seizure disorder?
  35. Which high-density lipoprotein (HDL) level is considered cardioprotective?
  36. The most common cause of CAP is?
  37. Sandra has palpitations that occur with muscle twitching,paresthesia, and fatigue. What specific diagnostic test might help determine the cause?
  38. A patient presents to the clinician with a sore throat, fever of 100.7?
  39. Patients with acute otitis media should be referred to a specialist in which of the following situations?
  40. Which of the following tests is most useful in determining renal function in a patient suspected of CRF?
  41. Marci has a wart on her hand. She says she heard something about “silver duct tape therapy.” What do you tell her about his?
  42. What is the first-line recommended treatment against Group
  43. Which of the following is an example of sensorineural hearing loss?
  44. Which of the following is “a linear crack extending from the epidermis to the dermis?”
  45. A 65-year-old man presents to the clinician with complaints of increasing bilateral peripheral vision loss, poor night vision, and frequent prescription changes that started 6 months previously.
  46. Recently, he has also been seeing halos around lights. The clinician suspects chronic open-angle glaucoma. Which of the following statements is true concerning the diagnosis of chronic open-angle glaucoma?
  47. The majority of HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections are asymptomatic so that only which elevated antibody titer shows evidence of previous infection?
  48. A patient is seen with a sudden onset of flank pain accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and diaphoresis. In addition to nephrolithiasis, which of the following should be added to the list of differential diagnoses?
  49.  Which of the following is abundant in the heart and rapidly rises in the bloodstream in the presence of heart failure, making it a good diagnostic test?
  50. You are doing a cerumen extraction and touch the external meatus of your patient’s ear. He winces and starts coughing. What is the name of this reflex?

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