NR 510 Final Exam Week 8 – Question and Answers

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NR 510 Week 8 Final Exam

  1. What is the most commonly reported symptom of cancer treatment?
  2. Where are Langerhans cells found?
  3. An infant has a crescendo-decrescendo systolic ejection murmur located between the second and third intercostal spaces along the left sternal border. A wide fixed splitting of the second heart sound is also found. These clinical findings are consistent with which congenital heart defect?
  4. Which statement is true concerning a fungal infection?
  5. A hypersensitivity reaction that produces an allergic response is called:
  6. What period follows depolarization of the myocardium and represents a period during which no new cardiac potential can be propagated?
  7. Which renal change is found in older adults? 
  8. Cystic fibrosis is caused by which process? 
  9. What is the most common predisposing factor to obstructive sleep apnea in children? 
  10. What is the major virus involved in the development of cervical cancer? 
  11. Which normal physiologic change occurs in the aging pulmonary system? 
  12. Which cancer originates from connective tissue?
  13. Which blood cells are the chief phagocytes involved in the early inflammation process?
  14. An infant diagnosed with a small patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) would likely exhibit which symptom? 
  15. Which type of microorganism reproduces on the skin?
  16. During an infection, why do lymph nodes enlarge and become tender?
  17. Which hormone prompts increased anxiety, vigilance, and arousal during a stress response?
  18. The area of the kidneys that contains the glomeruli and portions of the tubules is called the
  19. In which structure does B lymphocytes mature and undergo changes that commit them to becoming B cells?
  20. Research has shown a link between cancer and which sexually transmitted disease?
  21. Which vitamin improves the absorption of oral iron taken to treat iron deficiency anemia in children?
  22. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune process involving antibodies attacking which type of cells?
  23. An infant has a continuous machine-type murmur best heard at the left upper sternal border throughout systole and diastole, as well as a bounding pulse and a thrill on palpation. These clinical findings are consistent with which congenital heart defect?
  24. The tonic neck reflex observed in a newborn should no longer be obtainable by:
  25. What is the function of erythrocytes?
  26. Clinical manifestations of Parkinson disease are caused by a deficit in which of the brain’s neurotransmitters? 
  27. The BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations increase the risk of which cancer in women?
  28. Which term is also used to refer to paradoxic sleep?
  29. Which person is at the greatest risk for developing delirium?
  30. Which term is used to describe an intestinal obstruction caused by the invagination of the ileum into the cecum and part of the ascending colon by collapsing through the ileocecal valve?
  31. The mucosal secretions of the cervix secrete which immunoglobulin? 
  32. A blunt force injury to the forehead would result in a coup injury to which region of the brain?
  33. Acute glomerulonephritis (AGN) may be accompanied by a positive throat or skin culture for which bacteria?
  34. How can glaucoma cause blindness?
  35. Aldosterone directly increases the reabsorption of:
  36. How does the release (increase) of epinephrine raise body temperature?
  37. Which assessment finding characterizes Osgood-Schlatter disease?
  38. Using a fan to reduce body temperature is an example of which mechanism of heat loss?
  39. Which statement is true regarding the major difference between male and female sex hormone production?
  40. Which clinical manifestations would be expected for a child who has complete trisomy of the twenty-first chromosome?
  41. What is the function of the mucus secreted by the Bartholin glands?
  42. What syndrome, characterized by an absent homologous X chromosome with only a single X chromosome, exhibits features that include a short stature, widely spaced nipples, and webbed neck?
  43. The secretion of adrenocorticotropic-stimulating hormone (ACTH) will result in the increased level of which hormone?
  44. The data reporting that sickle cell disease affects approximately 1 in 600 American blacks is an example of which concept?
  45. Which condition is considered a clinical cause of amenorrhea?
  46. What is the first sign of puberty in girls?
  47. What term is used to identify the condition that exists when the urethral meatus is located on the undersurface of the penis?
  48. The presence of a zygote having one chromosome with the normal complement of genes and one with a missing gene is characteristic of which genetic disorder?
  49. Obesity acts as an important risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus by:
  50. In scoliosis, curves in the thoracic spine greater than how many degrees result in decreased pulmonary function?
  51. The failure of bones to ossify, resulting in soft bones and skeletal deformity, characterizes which disorder?
  52. Which type of fracture usually occurs in an individual who engages in a new activity that is strenuous and repetitive?
  53. It is true that myasthenia gravis:
  54. Which clinical manifestations are associated with fibromyalgia?
  55. Which type of diarrhea results from lactose intolerance?
  56. Which change is a result of puberty and defends the vagina from infection?
  57. Which dietary lifestyle choice has been associated with a decreased risk for developing colon cancer?
  58. Which type of ion directly controls the contraction of muscles?
  59. At 2 or 3 weeks of age, an infant who has been well fed and has gained weight begins to vomit for no apparent reason. The vomiting gradually becomes more forceful. These symptoms may be indicative of which disorder?
  60. Which water-soluble vitamin is absorbed by passive diffusion?
  61. The common property among the three types of medications used to treat depression is that they:
  62. Which pancreatic enzyme is responsible for the breakdown of carbohydrates?
  63. What anchors articular cartilage to the underlying bone?
  64. The absence of which major hormone is a determinant of sexual differentiation (wolffian system) in utero?
  65. Which hormone is linked to an increase in appetite during puberty?
  66. What is the first indication of nephrotic syndrome in children?
  67. Neurofibrillary tangles characterize which neurologic disorder?
  68. What is the most common opportunistic infection associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)?
  69. What causes the crystallization within the synovial fluid of the joint affected by gouty arthritis?
  70. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is released to stimulate thyroid hormone (TH) and is inhibited when plasma levels of TH are adequate. This is an example of:
  71. Transcription is best defined as a process by which:
  72. Which medical diagnosis is characterized by tissue degeneration or irritation of the extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon?
  73. What is the target tissue for prolactin-releasing factor?
  74. Loud snoring, a decrease in oxygen saturation, fragmented sleep, chronic daytime sleepiness, and fatigue are clinical manifestations of which sleep disorder? 
  75. What directly causes ovulation during the menstrual cycle?

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