NR 509 APEA 3P Final Exam Study Guide

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NR 509 APEA 3P Final Exam Study Guide – Question with Answers

    1. ANA is will be seen in which diseases?
    2. pANCA titer with (-) ASCA IgG
    3. ACUTE Chest pain
    4. Cupping of the disk
    5. ACUTE Chest pain
    6. Degree heart block
    7. ACUTE Chest pain
    8. Difficult with vision at night
    9. Extreme Pain
    10. Severe HTN
    11. 1st Degree BUR
    12. 2-degree heart block (Mobitz 2)
    13. 2-degrees heart block (Mobitz1/Weckenback):
    14. 2nd Degree BURN
    15. 3-degree heart block:
    16. 3 “H” to avoid in Increased ICP
    17. 3rd Degree BURN:
    18. 4 “Ps” in Spinal Chord Injury
    19. (6) Most common causes for CVA?
    20. 50% Nephron loss; Cr level inc by 2X:
    21. 75% Nephron loss; Azotemia
    22. 90% Nephron loss; Azotemia
    23. Abdominal X-ray with flat and upright views
    24. ADA guideline for diagnosis of DM include what?
    25. Addison’s Disease Triad:
    26. Adult learning theory
    27. After tx for H. Pylori, what should pt be on? and why?
    28. Agnosia
    29. Alzheimer’s disease definition
    30. Amaurosis fugax
    31. The American Association of Gerontology highlights which (4) concepts?
    32. Anemia with Dec Alpha & Beta Hgb chain?
    33. Anemia with LOW MCV, LOW MCHC
    34. LOW iron and HI TIBC?
    35. Anemia with LOW MCV, LOW MCHC
    36. Anemia with blood hyperviscosity
    37. NL Iron and NL TIBC?
    38. Anemia with NL MCV, NL MCHC
    39. LOW IRON; LOW TIBC?
    40. Anemia with Pica cravings
    41. Anti-HCV; HCV RNA
    42. Anti-IF (intrinsic factor) Ab Test Anti-parietal cell Ab Test
    43. Antiphospholipid Antibody (+)
    44. Aortic Regurgitation
    45. Aortic Stenosis
    46. Aphasia
    47. Apraxia
    48. Ataxia
    49. Autonomic Dysreflexia Cause
    50. Avulsion fracture
    51. Beck’s Triad
    52. Biological programing theory
    53. Brown-Sequard Syndrome
    54. C4 and above Spinal Chord Injury
    55. C4 – T1 control what?
    56. Carotid TIA
    57. Causes for Changes in Behavior
    58. Causes for Post-renal AKI
    59. Cellulose Acetate & Citrate Agar Gel electrophoresis is used for what?
    60. Cerebral Perfusion Pressure (CPP) equation
    61. Chest-tube placement
    62. Classes of Leukemia
    63. Cockcroft-Gault Equation:
    64. Conditions with NL MCV:
    65. Consyntropin Test
    66. Contraindication med for corneal abrasion
    67. Con’t s/s OR (+) sputum smears for 3 consecutive months indicate what?
    68. C/O severe epigastric pain w/o guarding and rebound tenderness; relieved by sitting & leaning forward; worsens by lying down and walking is indicative of what disease?
    69. Criteria for Dialysis:
    70. Criteria for Statin Therapy
    71. Cross-linkage theory
    72. CURB65
    73. Cushing’s Disease Triad
    74. Cushing’s Triad (Not disease)
    75. CVA Classification
    76. CXR in Asthmatic pt
    77. Decreased DLCO on PFTs indicate what?
    78. Definitive test to distinguish b/t different types of Angina?:
    79. Depression Treatment length in ELDERLY
    80. Dessopressin Challenge Test
    81. Diagnostic Labs for PE
    82. Diagnostic test for Glaucoma; Recommended at age 40
    83. Diagnostic tools for CVA
    84. Diagnostic tools for TIA
    85. DIC LABS – KNOW!
    86. Disease characterized by numbness, weakness, loss of muscle coordination, problems with what, and progressive loss of bladder control?
    87. Dislocation
    88. Disruption of transmission of sympathetic impulses cause unopposed parasympathetic impulses which leads to loss of motor tone – massive vasodilation
    89. Dx of choice for Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD):
    90. Dysarthria
    91. .Dysphagia
    92. Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA) method
    93. 90. Erikson (4) Stages of development
    94. Error Theory: Error in RNA changes in DNA.
    95. Exaggerated autonomic response to a stimulus like bladder constriction, or bowel extension, hot/cold, tight clothing.:
    96. Excessive mucous production that occur in ≥3 months in 2 years of coughing
    97. Exudate Pleural effusion characteristics:
    98. Fasciotomy indication
    99. FEV1 in COPD/Emphysema
    100. FEV 25-75
    101. 98. FEVER in ELDERLY
    102. Fibrinolytic Therapy for MI
    103. Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 sec (FEV1)
    104. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) definition
    105. Free radical theory
    106. FRV & RV in COPD/Emphysema
    107. .Goal ICP in CVA
    108. Goal MAP in CVA
    109. Guillain-Barre Syndrome Definition
    110. HCO3- in COPD/Emphysema
    111. Hemorrhagic CVA S/S
    112. How is FiO2 determined on Mechanical Ventilation?
    113. How is Multiple Sclerosis diagnosed?
    114. HIDA Scan
    115. How is OPTIMAL CPP achieved?
    116. How will patients with Guillain Barre Syndrome present?
    117. 114. Hypernatremia:
    118. 115. Hyponatremia
    119. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) or Sarcoidosis DLCO
    120. In ACUTE DKA what is the 1st thing you need to do?
    121. Immunity Theory of Aging
    122. In any GI make sure to always order this 1st!
    123. In a TPN/PPN soln, how is CALCIUM NEVER given as?
    124. Indication for HOSPITALIZATION for asthmatic patients:
    125. Infarct CVA S/S
    126. Inflammation that extends through the full thickness of the bowel wall
    127. Inhaled Anticholinergic is the main treatment for this disease
    128. In patients with S3 – Fluid overload, what is the treatment goal?
    129. Intermittent segments of erosion in the small bowel and colon
    130. In the eye arteries brighter or dimmer than vein?
    131. In the fluid resuscitation stage of DKA, how should fluid be given?
    132. Intubation parameters
    133. 130. Kentucky is associated with what disease?
    134. Key Ventilator MODE SETTINGS
    135. Lab findings in RA patients
    136. Labs / DX for Endocarditis
    137. Labs/Dx to order for DVT
    138. Labs/Dx to order for Peripheral Vascular Dis (PVD)
    139. Labs for Diverticulitis
    140. Labs for Grave’s Disease
    141. 138. Labs for Intra-renal Disease
    142. Leading cause of In-Hospital DEATHS
    143. LEFT Side (Dominant ) CVA
    144. Left-side infarct results
    145. Mode of Ventilation = Control
    146. Mode of Ventilation = Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)
    147. Mitral Regurgitation
    148. Mode of Ventilation = Assist Control (AC)
    149. Mode of Ventilation = Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
    150. Mitral Stenosis:
    151. Mode of Ventilation = Pressure Support (PS)
    152. Mode of Ventilation = Synchronized Intermittent Mandatory Vent (SIMV / IMV)
    153. Monthly sputum smear indication
    154. Most definitive test for Chlamydia?
    155. Multiple Sclerosis definition?
    156. Myasthenia Gravis definition?
    157. Myerson’s sign
    158. Neuro disease with nystagmus?
    159. Neuro disease with unilateral ptosis?
    160. Neurogenic Shock cause
    161. Night sweat and wt loss is commonly seen with what diseases?
    162. NL Temperature on ELDERLY
    163. No. 1 cause for Acute Pancreatitis?
    164. Non-pharmacologic Tx for HF
    165. 162. NP role in Palliative Care
    166. Nutritional Restriction Theory
    167. Obesity Scoliosis Neuromuscular diseases (MG or MS)
    168. Obstruction with hyperinflation and decreased DLCO (CO does not diffuse bc body is holding on to it )
    169. 166. Obstruction with hyperinflation and normal (or sometimes increased) DLCO
    170. Obstruction with normal lung volumes and normal DLCO
    171. ORArL 2,3 RWD
    172. Oxygen therapy in the COPD population
    173. PaCO2 in COPD/Emphysema
    174. Painful lesions in presence of HSV infection
    175. Papanicolaou or Tzank stain
    176. Parkland’s formula174. Peak Flow Meter:
    177. Percussion for Asthma and bronchitis pts
    178. Percussion for COPD/Emphysema pts?
    179. Pharmacologic Tx for HF
    180. Physical Exam for Pericarditis
    181. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is used for what?
    182. Radiopaque spots on Abdominal X-ray
    183. Ranson’s Criteria Risks
    184. Red flag for mal-nutrition in ELDERLY: Wt loss < 5lbs in 1 month
    185. Reed Sternberg is hallmark sign of what Lymphoma?
    186. Residual volume (RV) in ELDERLY
    187. RIBA assay is used for what?
    188. RIGHT Side (Non-dominant ) CVA)
    189. Risk Factor for Seizures
    190. Risk factors for Delirium
    191. S1 and below injury will result in what?
    192. Schilling Test
    193. S/E of NSAIDs
    194. Seroconversion process in HIV patients
    195. Sleep Apnea definition
    196. Sodium Fluorescein stain
    197. S/S for severe hypovolemia
    198. S/S of Compartment Syndrome
    199. 198. S/S of Endocarditis
    200. 199. S/S of Pericarditis
    201. S/S of SLE
    202. Stage of Syphillis
    203. Style of Grandparenting
    204. Sublexation
    205. SUUS in DI
    206. SUUS in SIADH
    207. Treatment for open angle Glaucoma (chronic)
    208. Treatment for open fractures
    209. Systematic Approach to Reading 12-lead EKG:
    210. Systemic Lupus Erythematous (SLE) pathology
    211. T1 and below injury will result in what? nr 509 apea 3p
    212. T2 – L2 control what?
    213. Tale-tale EKG sign of Pericarditis:
    214. 211. Tennessee is associated with what disease?: Stiffening heart:
    215. Tensilon test
    216. Tests for Pheochromocytoma?
    217. Treatment for Acute Abdomen
    218. Treatment for Alzheimer’s disease
    219. Thayer-Martin Media
    220. TIA Classification
    221. Treatment for PE
    222. Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
    223. Tidal Volume definition on Mechanical Ventilation
    224. Treatment for Myasthenia Gravis
    225. Treatment for Osteoarthritis (OA)
    226. Tx for Pulmonary Edema
    227. Tx for Septic Shock
    228. TLC in COPD/Emphysema
    229. Tx for Endocarditis
    230. Tx for HTN Emergency?
    231. Treatment for ARDS
    232. Tx for Anaphylaxis Shock: 1) Maintain Airway nr 509 apea 3p
    233. What is a sign of (epidural) expanding intracranial hematoma?
    234. What is CPP?
    235. Tx for Hypovolemic Shock
    236. To differentiate between different obstructive or restrictive diseases, check
    237. Tx for Cardiogenic Shock
    238. Tx for Chronic Venous Insf (CVI)
    239. What are the (4) components in the MMSE?
    240. What does George Washington Got Lazy After He Broke CABE stand for?
    241. Treatment for closed angle Glaucoma (Acute) nr 509 apea 3p
    242. Tx for Pericarditis
    243. Tx for Peripheral Vasc Dis (PVD)
    244. What should you screen for before starting someone on a Thiazide?
    245. What s/s differentiates Folic Acid anemia from Pernicious (B12) anemia?
    246. Treatment for corneal abrasion
    247. What are the common Bacteria that cause Meningitis?
    248. What are the MODES of Ventilations?
    249. Tx for MI / ACS
    250. What med should be used for systolic Disfx after an MI?
    251. What two conditions will you see Pulsus Paradoxus?
    252. Tx for Neurogenic Shock
    253. Total Lung Capacity (TLC) in ELDERLYl nr 509 apea 3p
    254. Treatment for SLE
    255. What PFT changes are expected after inhaled bronchodilator for ASTHMA pts?
    256. What PFT changes are expected after inhaled bronchodilator for COPD pts?
    257. Tx for Parkinson’s disease
    258. What is the Hallmark sign of ARDS?
    259. What labs need to be monitored in pts receiving TPN?
    260. Treponemal test for Syphillis
    261. What is the treatment for Guillain Barre Syndrome?
    262. What is the typical cause for Guillain Barre Syndrome?
    263. Triple H Therapy in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage:
    264. What are the two (2) types of ventilator?
    265. What disease will have antibodies to own systems
    266. Tx for Superficial vein thrombosis
    267. What is the diagnostic exam for Pancreatitis?
    268. What is the diagnostic lab for Giant Cell Arteritis?
    269. Tx of Cardiac Tampanade
    270. What are some common s/s of Meningitis?
    271. What are some supportive measures to prevent increase ICP?
    272. Types of glaucoma
    273. What is seen in CSF of Meningitis? nr 509 apea 3p
    274. What is the diagnostic exam for Cholecystitis?
    275. VDRL / RPR test
    276. What imaging tool is better at showing ischemia infarct in TIA?
    277. What is a serious S/E of Aminoglycoside?
    278. Vertebrobasilar TIA
    279. Viral culture
    280. What are some common OBSTRUCTIVE Lung diseases?
    281. What are some common RESTRICTIVE Lung diseases?
    282. When is Carotid endarectomy indicated?
    283. When is fibrinolytic indicated in CVA?
    284. Vital Capacity (VC) in ELDERLY
    285. Wear and Tear Theory nr 509 apea 3p
    286. Weekly sputum smear X 6 weeks indication
    287. What HTN med is best for Renal patients?
    288. When is TPN need?
    289. When transitioning IV to SQ insulin, how would you prevent recurrent hyperglycemia?
    290. What neuro disease will have antibodies to ACh in the blood work?
    291. What procedure has been proven to be effective in TIA population in decreasing stroke and death?
    292. Which Lymphoma occur at older age, present with cervical adenopathy, and is predictable?:
    293. Why should an EDG be ordered for pts with GERD?: To R/O Barret’s Esophagus
    294. What will diseases that end in “-itis” present with? nr 509 apea 3p
    295. When is LP ABSOLUTELY CONTRAINDICATED in CVA?
    296. What will patients with Myasthenia Gravis present with?
    297. With any neuro changes, what do you need to check?
    298. What does increase C-Reactive Protein (CRP) lab mean in Pancreatitis?
    299. What exam will confirm presence of Renal Stones?nr 509 apea 3p final exam

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