NR 507 Final Exam Study Guide 1

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NR 507 Final Exam Week 8 Study Guide

Reproductive:
  • Endometrial cycle and the occurrence of ovulation
  • Uterine prolapse 
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome(PCOS)
  • Testicular cancer and conditions that increase risk:
  • Symptoms that require evaluation for breast cancer
  • Signs of premenstrual dysphoric disorder
  • Dysfunctional uterine bleeding(DUB)
  • athophysiology of prostate cancer
  • HPV and the development of cervical cancer
Endocrine:
  • Body’s process for adapting to high hormone levels
  • Cushing’s Syndrome
  • Causes of hypoparathyroidism
  • Lab results that point to primary hypothyroidism
  • Pathophysiology of thyroid storm
  • Signs of thyrotoxicosis
Neurological:
  • Dermatomes
  • substance release at the synapse
  • Spondylolysis
  • Location of the motor and sensory areas of the brain
  • Pathophysiology of cerebral infarction and excitotoxins
  • Agnosia
  • Accumulation of blood in a subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Most common cause of meningitis 
Genitourinary:
  • Diet and the prevention of prostate cancer
  • Impact of Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) on the urinary system
Genetics:
  • The role of DNA in genetics
  • Transcription
  • Effects of genetic mutations
  • Trisomy
  • Down Syndrome
  • Klinefelter syndrome
  • Diseases that have multifactorial traits
  • Multifactorial inheritance
  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy
  • Neurofibromatosis
Musculoskeletal:
  • Ions that initiate muscle contraction
  • Growth of long bones in children
  • bones belonging to the appendicular skeleton 
Immunity/Inflammation:
  • How vaccines are formed
  • Populations at risk for getting systemic fungal infections and parasitic infections
  • Systemic manifestations of infection
  • Mechanisms responsible for the increase in antimicrobial resistance worldwide
  • Functions of normal flora in the body
  • Desensitization Therapy
  • Cells involved in “left shift” in the WBC count differential
  • Forms of immunity
  • Major histocompatibility class I antigens
  • Inflammatory chemicals blocked by anti-inflammatory drug
  • Characteristics of acute phase reactant C-reactive protein
Dermatology:
  • Process by which a deep pressure ulcer heals
  • Complications of the development of contractures during wound healing
Acid/Base:
  • Causes of respiratory alkalosis
  • Molecules that act as buffers in the blood
Cardiovascular:
  • Most common cardiac valve disease in women
  • When myocardial ischemia may be reversible
  • Symptoms of stable angina
  • Orthostatic hypotension
  • Isolated systolic hypertension
  • Results of sustained controlled hypertension
  • The relationship of insulin resistance on the development of primary hypertension
  • Defects in the normal secretion of natriuretic hormones and the impact on renal system
  • Effects of increased sympathetic nervous system activity due to primary hypertension
  • Complications of unstable plaque in the coronary arteries
  • Forms of dyslipidemia associated with the development of the fatty streak in atherosclerosis
  • Events that initiate the process of atherosclerosis
  • Signs and symptoms of increased left atrial and pulmonary venous pressures in left sided heart failure
  • Differences between left and right sided heart failure
  • Infective endocarditis
Peripheral vascular disease:
  • Pathophysiology of deep vein thrombosis
  • Vichow’s triad
Hematology:
  • Physiological response to hypoxia in anemia
  • Populations at the highest risk for developing folate deficiency anemia
  • Causes of iron deficiency anemia
  • Expected lab test results found in long standing iron deficiency anemia
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Causes of aplastic anemia nr 507 final exam
  • Underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms leading to autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  • Secondary polycythemia
  • Anemia of chronic renal failure
Fluid and Electrolytes:
  • Conditions that result in pure water deficit (hypertonic volume depletion)
  • Osmoreceptors that stimulate thirst and the release of ADH
  • Causes of hypernatremia
  • Effects of increased aldosterone
  • Dependent edema
  • Definition of isotonic
  • Principle of capillary oncotic pressure
  • Types of fluid compartments in the body
Pulmonary:
  • Most effective measure to prevent pulmonary embolus from developing in patients
  • When the practitioner will note tactile fremitus
  • Cause of acute airway obstruction in the patient with chronic bronchitis
  • Types of pneumothorax nr 507 final exam
  • Results of the loss of alph-1-antitrypsin in emphysema
  • The result of loss of surfactant in ARDS
  • Characteristics of Cheyne-Stokes respirations
Shock:
  • Causes of hypovolemic shock
  • How the body maintains glucose levels during shocknr 507 week 8 study guide

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