NR 507 Final Exam 2 – Question and Answers




NR 507 Final Exam – Question and Answers

  1. Tissue damage caused by the deposition of circulating immune complexes containing an antibody against the host DNA is the cause of which disease?
  2. How does chest wall compliance in an infant differ from that of an adult?
  3. What term is used to describe a hernial protrusion of a saclike cyst that contains meninges, spinal fluid, and a portion of the spinal cord through a defect in a posterior arch of a vertebra?
  4. Continued therapy of pernicious anemia (PA) generally lasts how long?
  5. Cytokines are thought to cause fevers by stimulating the synthesis of which chemical mediator?
  6. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines grade 1 (overweight) as a BMI of:
  7. When diagnosed with hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN), why does the newborn develop hyperbilirubinemia after birth but not in utero?
  8. Which of the following describes how the body compensates for anemia?
  9. An infant has a continuous machine-type murmur best heard at the left upper sternal border throughout systole and diastole, as well as a bounding pulse and a thrill on palpation. These clinical findings are consistent with which congenital heart defect?
  10. Research has shown a link between cancer and which sexually transmitted disease?
  11.  When renin is released, it is capable of which action?
  12. What characteristic do atopic individuals have that make them genetically predisposed to develop allergies?
  13. What is the primary cause of the symptoms of polycythemia vera?
  14. Pressure in the left ventricle must exceed pressure in which structure before the left ventricle can eject blood?
  15. Children with phenylketonuria (PKU) are unable to synthesize:
  16. What is the chance with each pregnancy that a child born to two parents with the sickle trait will have sickle cell disease (SCD)?
  17. Carcinoma refers to abnormal cell proliferation originating from which tissue origin?
  18. Chvostek and Trousseau signs indicate which electrolyte imbalance?
  19. The ability of the pathogen to invade and multiply in the host is referred to as:
  20. An infant has a crescendo-decrescendo systolic ejection murmur located between the second and third intercostal spaces along the left sternal border. A wide fixed splitting of the second heart sound is also found. These clinical findings are consistent with which congenital heart defect?
  21. Which cancer originates from connective tissue?
  22. Which substance is used to correct the chronic anemia associated with chronic renal failure?
  23. Which of the following are formed elements of the blood that are not cells but are disk-shaped cytoplasmic fragments essential for blood clotting?
  24. What is the term for a herniation or protrusion of brain and meninges through a defect in the skull?
  25. A hypersensitivity reaction that produces an allergic response is called:
  26. Which characteristic is true of type II (white fast-motor) muscle fibers?
  27. What type of fracture occurs at a site of a preexisting bone abnormality and is a result of a force that would not normally cause a fracture?
  28. What part of the brain provides the emotional response to pain?
  29. The portion of the pituitary that secretes oxytocin is:
  30. Which dyskinesia involves involuntary movements of the face, trunk, and extremities?
  31. Which term is also used to refer to paradoxic sleep?
  32. Which clinical manifestations would be expected for a child who has complete trisomy of the twenty-first chromosome?
  33. Where is oxytocin synthesized?
  34. What is the most common opportunistic infection associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)?
  35. Atrial fibrillation, rheumatic heart disease, and valvular prosthetics are risk factors for which type of stroke?
  36. How many days does it take for the entire epithelial population of the small intestines to be replaced?
  37. What term describes the loss of the comprehension or production of language?
  38. Open-angle glaucoma occurs because of:
  39. What is the most common malignant bone tumor diagnosed during childhood?
  40. What is the cause of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH)?
  41. Which risk factor for hypertension is influenced by genetic factors and lifestyle?
  42. Which substance is a water-soluble protein hormone?
  43. When does the male body begin to produce sperm?
  44. Saliva contains which immunoglobulin (Ig)?
  45. Which serum laboratory test is elevated in all forms of osteogenesis imperfecta?
  46. What causes the crystallization within the synovial fluid of the joint affected by gouty arthritis?
  47. Acute glomerulonephritis (AGN) may be accompanied by a positive throat or skin culture for which bacteria?
  48. Considering the mediating factors of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), which medication may be used either continually or only during the menstrual period as a treatment for the condition?
  49. What is the second most commonly recognized genetic cause of mental retardation?
  50. Insulin transports which electrolyte in the cell?
  51. Which hormone stimulates gonads to produce both male and female hormones?
  52. The secretion of adrenocorticotropic-stimulating hormone (ACTH) will result in the increased level of which hormone?
  53. Antipsychotic drugs block which neurotransmitter receptor?
  54. In 95% of children of delayed puberty, the problem is caused by:
  55. Which clinical manifestations are associated with fibromyalgia?
  56. What happens to the vagina’s lining at puberty?
  57. What is the first sign of puberty in girls?
  58. Which term is used to identify the temporary displacement of two bones causing the bone surfaces to partially lose contact?
  59. What is the basic structural unit in compact bone?
  60. What anchors articular cartilage to the underlying bone?
  61. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is released to stimulate thyroid hormone (TH) and is inhibited when plasma levels of TH are adequate. This is an example of:
  62. Clinical manifestations that include irregular or heavy bleeding, the passage of large clots, and the depletion of iron stores support which diagnosis?
  63. The absence of which major hormone is a determinant of sexual differentiation (wolffian system) in utero?
  64. Obesity acts as an important risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus by:
  65. Which hormone is involved in the regulation of serum calcium levels?
  66. An insufficient dietary intake of which vitamin can lead to rickets in children?
  67. What is the function of the mucus secreted by the Bartholin glands?
  68. Which hormone triggers uterine contractions?
  69. Which bones are affected in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease?
  70. An individual’s genetic makeup is referred to as his or her:
  71. What term is used to identify the calcium crystals that are associated with chronic gout?
  72. Which gastric cells secrete hydrochloric acid and intrinsic factor?
  73. A criterion for a diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a period of excessive worrying that lasts for at least how many months?
  74. A major characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus is that there is:
  75. Dilation of the ipsilateral pupil, following uncal herniation, is the result of pressure on which cranial nerve (CN)?


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