NR 507 Final Exam 1 – Question and Answers

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NR 507 Final Exam – Question and Answers

  1. What term is used to describe a hernial protrusion of a saclike cyst that contains meninges, spinal fluid, and a portion of the spinal cord through a defect in a posterior arch of a vertebra?
  2. What provides the best estimate of the functioning of renal tissue?
  3. Where are Langerhans cells found?
  4. Where in the lung does gas exchange occur?
  5. The tonic neck reflex observed in a newborn should no longer be obtainable by:
  6. When renin is released, it is capable of which action?
  7. The portion of the antigen that is configured for recognition and binding is referred to as what type of determinant?
  8. Which sexually transmitted infection frequently coexists with gonorrhea?
  9. How is the effectiveness of vitamin B12 therapy measured?
  10. Carcinoma refers to abnormal cell proliferation originating from which tissue origin?
  11. Which type of microorganism reproduces on the skin?
  12. An infant has a crescendo-decrescendo systolic ejection murmur located between the second and third intercostal spaces along the left sternal border. A wide fixed splitting of the second heart sound is also found. These clinical findings are consistent with which congenital heart defect?
  13. An infant diagnosed with a small patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) would likely exhibit which symptom? Triad of congenital defects
  14. What is the function of erythrocytes?
  15. Which terms represent the correct nomenclature for benign and malignant tumors of adipose tissue, respectively?
  16. What is the chance with each pregnancy that a child born to two parents with the sickle trait will have sickle cell disease (SCD)?
  17. What pulmonary defense mechanism propels a mucous blanket that entraps particles moving toward the oropharynx?
  18. The concentration of the final urine is determined by antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which is secreted by which gland?
  19. Why is the herpes virus inaccessible to antibodies after the initial infection?
  20. Which renal change is found in older adults?
  21. Which immunoglobulin is present in blood, saliva, breast milk, and respiratory secretions?
  22. Which hormone prompts increased anxiety, vigilance, and arousal during a stress response?
  23. Which statement is true regarding maternal antibodies provided to the neonate?
  24. The function of the tumor cell marker is to:
  25. Which statement is true concerning a fungal infection?
  26. Which change is a result of puberty and defends the vagina from infection?
  27. The number of persons living with a specific disease at a specific point in time is referred to by which term?
  28. Which risk factor for hypertension is influenced by genetic factors and lifestyle?
  29. Having ejected a mature ovum, the ovarian follicle develops into a(n):
  30. The failure of bones to ossify, resulting in soft bones and skeletal deformity, characterizes which disorder?
  31. What is the term that denotes the duration of time or the intensity of pain that a person will endure before outwardly responding?
  32. Aldosterone directly increases the reabsorption of:
  33. Atrial fibrillation, rheumatic heart disease, and valvular prosthetics are risk factors for which type of stroke?
  34. Which clinical manifestations are associated with fibromyalgia?
  35. Prolonged high environmental temperatures that produce dehydration, decreased plasma volumes, hypotension, decreased cardiac output, and tachycardia cause which disorder of temperature regulation?
  36. What is the leading cause of infertility in women? Question 37. Which substance is a water-soluble protein hormone?
  37. What is the target tissue for prolactin-releasing factor?
  38. What is the cause of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH)?
  39. Regarding type 2 diabetes, obesity is considered to be what type of risk?
  40. Which four-step process correctly describes muscle contraction?
  41. Adoption studies have shown that the offspring of an alcoholic parent when raised by nonalcoholic parents have what amount of an increased risk of developing alcoholism?
  42. Which hormone stimulates gonads to produce both male and female hormones?
  43. A person with 47, XXY karyotype has the genetic disorder resulting in which syndrome?
  44. Which would be considered a positive symptom of schizophrenia?
  45. What term describes the loss of the comprehension or production of language?
  46. Consanguinity refers to the mating of persons:
  47. The major sleep center is located in which section of the brain?
  48. Which type of ion directly controls the contraction of muscles?
  49. Bacteria gain access to the female urinary tract by which means?
  50. A criterion for a diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a period of excessive worrying that lasts for at least how many months?
  51. What is the first indication of nephrotic syndrome in children?
  52. An amniocentesis indicates a neural tube defect when an increase in which protein is evident?
  53. What is the risk for the recurrence of autosomal dominant diseases?
  54. Which term is used to identify the temporary displacement of two bones causing the bone surfaces to partially lose contact?
  55. The tear in a ligament is referred to as a:
  56. Why is prolonged diarrhea more severe in children than it is in adults?
  57. The BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations increase the risk of which cancer in women?
  58. Insulin transports which electrolyte in the cell?
  59. What term is used to identify an interlacing bundle of dense, white fibrous tissue that is richly supplied with nerves, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels?
  60. Which of the following is a lipid-soluble hormone?
  61. The mucosal secretions of the cervix secrete which immunoglobulin?
  62. The sudden apparent arousal in which a child expresses intense fear or another strong emotion while still in a sleep state characterizes which sleep disorder?
  63. What is the basic structural unit in compact bone?
  64. Parkinson disease is a degenerative disorder of the brain’s:
  65. Which pain theory proposes that a balance of impulses conducted from the spinal cord to the higher centers in the central nervous system (CNS) modulates the transmission of pain?
  66. Saliva contains which immunoglobulin (Ig)?
  67. What type of fracture occurs at a site of a preexisting bone abnormality and is a result of a force that would not normally cause a fracture?
  68. An infant suddenly develops abdominal pain, becomes irritable (colicky), and draws up the knees. Vomiting occurs soon afterward. The mother reports that the infant passed a normal stool, followed by one that looked like currant jelly. Based on these data, which disorder does the nurse suspect?
  69. In 95% of children of delayed puberty, the problem is caused by:
  70. Which characteristic is true of type II (white fast-motor) muscle fibers?
  71. Neurofibrillary tangles characterize which neurologic disorder?
  72. Which hormone triggers uterine contractions?
  73. How does the release (increase) of epinephrine raise body temperature?
  74. Which hormone is linked to an increase in appetite during puberty? [Show 

 

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